Different Types Of Saris

The word ‘sari’ evolved from the Prakrit ‘sattika’ as mentioned in earliest buddhist jail literature. The Indian Saree boasts of oldest existence in the world. It is more than 5000 years old! A sari / saree is the traditional female garment in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

The variety of colors, patterns, weaves and draping styles make the sari one of the world’s most fascinating costumes. Saris are woven with one plain end (the end that is concealed inside the wrap), two long decorative borders running the length of the sari, and a one to three foot section at the other end which continues and elaborates the length-wise decoration. This end is called the pallu; it is the part thrown over the shoulder in the Nivi style of draping.

In past times, saris were woven of silk or cotton.For the poor people silk saris were not affordable so they used to wear cotton saris. All saris were handwoven and represented a considerable investment of time or money.

In modern times, saris are increasingly woven on mechanical looms and made of artificial fibers, such as polyester, nylon, or rayon, which do not require starching or ironing. They are printed by machine, or woven in simple patterns made with floats across the back of the sari. This can create an elaborate appearance on the front, while looking ugly on the back. The punchra work is imitated with inexpensive machine-made tassel trim.

Hand-woven, hand-decorated saris are naturally much more expensive than the machine imitations. While the over-all market for handweaving has plummeted (leading to much distress among Indian handweavers), hand-woven saris are still popular for weddings and other grand social occasions.

Saree is of varied length. From 5 yards to 9.5 yards tied loosely, folded and pleated, it could be turned into working dress or party-wear with manual skill. For day today dress of middle class women, 5-6 yard sari is comfortable to manage household chores. A nine yard saree used to be a connoisseurs pleasure with embellishments, embroidery and gold designing.

Different Types Of Saris:

Lets see the well known varieties of saris which are distinct on the basis of fabric and weaving style.

Northern Styles:

Chikan Saree Chikan is traditional embroidery style from Lucknow, India. Patterns and effects created depend on types of stitches used and the thickness of the threads used in embroidery. Some the varieties of the stitches used include back-stitch, chain stitch and hemstitch and result is an open work pattern, jali (lace) or shadow-work.
Banarasi Saree Benares Brocades or Varanasi Silks are some of the richest sarees produced in India and is the most in demand sari for weddings and functions. These saris aremade of finely woven silk and are decorated with elaborate engravings. Because of these engravings, these saris are relatively heavy.
Tant saree The “tant” or handloomed sarees of the region boast a tremendous range of styles and colors. The lightness of the body cloth, combined with wide and silky threadwork borders and elaborate pallus with supplementary threadwork ornament give the sari it’s unique evenness of drape.
Jamdani Saree A highly transparent cloth with supplementary threadwork ornament, which is “Jammed” into the weft. Designs are simple and geometric tribal style, unique to Jamdani handlooms. Peacocks are a favorite motif in the style, as are bold vines and flowers.

Eastern Styles:

Kantha Saree A Kantha is a type of sari popular in West Bengal, India. Worn by Bengali women, it is known for its delicate embroidery. Kantha is really the name for the embroidery itself, rather than the sari per se. Any garment or cloth with kantha embroidery (which forms or outlines decorative motifs with running stitch) is a kantha garment.
Baluchari Saree Detailed figures, animals and architectural scenes are depited on these sarees. The classic Baluchari has scenes from the religious epics of India. Wide borders feature repeat motifs from the pallu, often densely woven vignettes arranged in sections across the cloth.
Ikat Saree Ikat: Metallic finish and heavy guage silk with delightful yarn dyed patterning. The shiney and burnished metal finish of the silk sari is it’s most obvious appeal and is only possible through using the locally produced silk fiber. Heavy threadwork borders and pallus add to the overall effect of geometric ikat patterning.

Western Styles:

Paithani Saree Paithani is a variety of sari, named after the Paithan region in Maharashtra state where they are woven by hand. Made from very fine silk, it is considered as one of the richest saris in Maharashtra.
Bandhani Saree Bandhani: Hand tye dyed light cloth, both cotton and silk with the classical look of Rajasthan and Gujarat. The sari cloth is folded in on itself, and tiny knots are sewn into the folded layers.
Kota Doria Saree The turgid heat of the Rajasthan desert inspired this meshlike cloth that is so airy – it’s like wearing a fan. Handloomed Kota Doria sarees in pure cotton are a rare find – polyester is gaining more and more ground. There are many varieties of machine loomed Kota fabric, which is also soft cloth with an airy feel that picks up the slightest breeze.
Lugade Saree The nine yards sari is generally worn by elderly ladies and is known as Lugade or Nauvaree in Marathi.

Central Styles:

Chanderi Saree The Chanderi sarees have sophistication hard to match. Madhya Pradesh produces a super light sari with a soft translucence unique to the cloth. They are generally a very plain sari in muted pastel colors, narrow bordered piece with simple striped anchal. Others have small bhutties through the field.

Southern Style:

Venkatgiri Saree Venkatgiri sarees from Andhra Pradesh are a crisp and lightweight cloth, woven with a shiney finish yarn in very fine guage.
Gadwal Saree Gadwal is known for its world famous handloom jari sarees. People here are most talented to weave 5.5 the meters sarees in such a way that it can be folded to a size as equivalent as a small match box.
Narayanpet Saree Narayanpet is a small town in Andhra Pradesh. The town specializes in Indian saree manufacturing, which is famous in India.
Coimbatore Saree Coimbatore cotton sarees often feature elaborate cotton brocade worked borders and pallus. This fine and airy cotton sari on the low range have plain fields and very understated pallu ornament, often just fine stripes. The high end sarees feature thread and zari work framed by intricate colorful threadwork borders.
Mysore Saree. Mysore is city located in karnataka. The mysore sarees generally have huge borders.
Kanjivaram Saree Kanchipuram is a mid sized city in the northwest of Tamil Nadu. The surrounding area is rich with ancient weaving tradition – most famous is the richly brocaded Kanchi silk sari. Wide borders of colored threads and or zari, and striped style pallus woven in a simple tribal style are hallmarks of this style.

6 Responses to “Different Types Of Saris”

  1. Noce collection of saris

  2. I carry a lot of sarees like these ones.

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  4. yeah.. I come to know about different types of saris from you…. great……!!

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